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Is Asthma a disease? Causes, prevention, symptoms, treatments and more

Asthma is a common disease among people, with data from the World Health Organization (WHO) stating that there are 235 million people worldwide who are affected by the disease, and in Brazil it is estimated that around 10% of the population suffers from the symptoms and are at risk of complications such as lung changes, persistent cough and others.

Winter is the season with the highest number of cases related to problems in the respiratory system, in which some diseases end up being highlighted more frequently – as in the case of influenza, bronchitis and especially Asthma. This is considered one of the worst diseases of the respiratory system, can cause intense bouts of shortness of breath, coughing and coughing. Although it is one of the most respiratory complications, it has treatment.

Is Asthma a Disease? What is this condition?

Characterized as a common chronic condition nowadays, many people still ask: Is Asthma a Disease?   Yes it is and it directly affects the respiratory system and develops the most varied symptoms that technically harm people’s daily lives – especially when Asthmatic crises occur, increasing coughs and , even the lack of air, one of the most complicated symptoms of the disease.

According to medical experts, people diagnosed with Asthma tend to have a different lung, due to the bronchi that are more sensitive and easily inflamed, so it is common that diagnosed with the disease identify irritating factors that are less intense, such as the case of dust, mold and even, the humid environments.

is asthma a disease

Causes

Asthma disturbs the normal functions of the airways reaching the lungs that allow us to breathe. The part of the airways most affected by Asthma is usually the bronchi.

The broncos look like thin, long tubes that are controlled by muscular movements that push the air in and out of the lungs. The muscular walls of the bronchi have tiny cells with receptors called adrenergic and cholinergic betas.

These receptors stimulate the muscles to contract the bronchi and release depending upon stimuli, such as certain hormones and the presence of microbes.

In response to the trigger, the air flow can sometimes be reduced, it causes less air cleaner making its way into the lungs and also more air filled with carbon dioxide remaining in the lungs.

Asthma also develops due to abnormal amounts of thick mucus being released into the airways or inflammation and swelling of airways due to allergies.

There are many factors that contribute to the disease, including having a disorderly diet, being overweight or obese, have low immune function, spend little time outdoors, and by having a family history of Asthma.

With rising Asthma rates, attention in the medical community is now facing the potential role that antibiotics and vaccines can play in the development of Asthma (called “hygiene hypothesis”).

Although the theory has not been proven, some experts believe that Asthma may be affecting more people today than ever before, due to the widespread use of drugs that alter normal immune functions. Added to this problem the new reality that more people are spending too much time indoors, where several irritating factors can be found. In addition, increasing rates of obesity in the past 30 years have contributed to increased Asthma diagnoses.

Consequences of Asthma

There are many problems in the human body which are related to your respiratory system and Asthma is one of the serious problems faced by people. Is Asthma a disease that needs your attention? Yes! If you do not pay attention to this problem in your body, you can face terrible consequences. All you need is your care. Pay the right kind of attention to the patient if he or she suffers from Asthma. It is controllable. It’s treatable. But if it is not controlled and uncontrolled, it can cause serious problems for your health. In fact, the airways are the passages that are responsible for air on the side of your body. These ships and ducts are also responsible for carrying dirty air out of your body. If you are suffering from Asthma, which means that these ducts or vessels of your body are suffering from some type of inflammation and as a result you will not be able to breathe properly.

Asthma, in fact, most often affects young children. Although it is a problem that can occur at any age, but more commonly affects the small and the time when these children suffer from naturally controlled Asthma. General Asthma can be really irritating. People do not like to suffer from Asthma since it is really annoying. Asthma in adults is more common in women as compared to men. Most adults with Asthma are men.

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Symptoms And Signs

There are many common Asthma symptoms. Asthma can be very obvious if a person suffers from a cough. If the person suffers from Asthma, he or she will not be able to sleep in peace and cough will increase at night and early in the morning. Wheezing is another symptom of Asthma. If the box feels short of breath and is stiffer, it is also a symptom of Asthma. Breathing becomes difficult if you are suffering from Asthma. Also, if you’re breathing faster than normal in the newspapers, it’s also an indicator of Asthma. That is a curable problem, but you have to pay attention to it. Usually most patients with Asthma are allergic to different things. Many faced by people with Asthma due to pollen allergy problem. In case you are allergic to anything, you need to stay away from it to avoid allergy.

Asthma symptoms vary greatly in severity and frequency. Some people remain symptom free most of the time, and others have symptoms or attacks much more often.

The most common symptoms include:

– Sneezing and coughing;

– Wheezing, including sounds that emanate from your chest as you try to breathe;

– Shortness of breath while you try to speak or inhale;

– Chest tightness and pressure;

– Signs of poor circulation and oxygen, including blue or purple toes or toes;

– Dizziness and weakness;

– Lack of coordination and balance;

– Panic or anxiety;

– Watery, red eyes, itchy throat, or runny nose;

– Swollen glands and swollen lymph nodes in the neck;

– Dry mouth;

– Difficulties to exercise; Among other problems.

The disease is classified into four general categories:

Grade 1: mild and intermittent symptoms up to two days per week and up to two nights per month, usually with predominance of symptoms in winter, for example

Grade 2: persistent and mild symptoms more than twice a week, but not more than once in a single day

Grade 3: Moderate persistent symptoms, once a day and more than one night per week

Grade 4: Severe persistent symptoms throughout the day on most days, and often at night.

Risk factors

1-Antibiotics And Vaccines

Studies suggest that the use of vaccines and antibiotics in an indiscriminate manner may have a negative impact on immune system responses, contributing to problems such as increased food allergies and Asthma symptoms.

Antibiotics and vaccines can change the activities of a special group of white blood cells called lymphocytes, which usually help protect the body from infections or viruses. In response to antibiotics and vaccines, however, lymphocytes may begin to release certain chemicals that cause allergic reactions and contract the airways.

2-Spending Lots of Time Indoors

The fact that children and adults spend more time than ever inside clean and very hygienic homes seems like a good thing, but this can actually reduce their ability to build the immune system.

In addition, being indoors increases exposure to certain allergic or irritating factors that can accumulate indoors, including dust mites, mold spores, animal hair and other microbes.

Obesity, allergies, autoimmune disorders and other medical conditions, which affect the lungs and cause low immunity

Did you know that even childhood infections can affect lung tissue and cause the airways to narrow or become inflamed?

3-Genetics

Studies show that Asthma tends to affect families, although it is generally not acquired solely by genetics. Parents who have Asthma should be careful to watch for signs of Asthma and allergies in their children in order to prevent attacks.

4-Bad Posture

Compression of the lungs caused by poor posture can also contribute to the symptoms.

Conventional Treatment

Doctors use medications and inhalers to help control Asthma attacks and prevent emergencies or complications. Most of these drugs can help open the airways very quickly, avoiding complications. Some refer to these drugs as “rescue drugs,” since they have the benefit of helping someone breathe again in a few minutes. However, in the long run they are not very effective in treating the underlying causes of Asthma or other respiratory problems.

Natural Treatments

The prevention of Asthma symptoms are crucial to ensure more health for the patient, so it may be interesting to consider the practice of moderate water exercises due to the possibility of strengthening the respiratory system and, in addition, it is also recommended to have a rich diet in fibers, which become efficient to reduce the bad effects from the respiratory system.

Since Asthma is a non-contagious disease and no cure is expected, the only thing that can be done is to treat the symptoms to become less recurrent and not to disrupt the quality of life of the diagnosed.

  1. Reduce Exposure to Irritating Factors – Leaving more and spending less time in places with high amounts of dust mites, chemical fumes and other toxins can help control the symptoms of Asthma. Although you may think that being outdoors exposes someone to seasonal allergies, over time, your body becomes resistant and this can be beneficial. Cleaning your home regularly with natural products, vacuuming, diffusing essential oils and using a humidifier also helps.
  1. Diet – Most people with Asthma have some kind of allergies, which may include food allergies or intolerance that contribute to intestinal health loss. Removing allergic and inflammatory foods from your diet (such as gluten, dairy products and processed foods) helps reduce Asthma symptoms.
  1. Quit Smoking – Smoking cigarettes or using tobacco products worsen the symptoms of Asthma, not to mention that they usually cause many other health and lung problems. Smoke, gas inhalation and contact with building debris (among other types of pollution) should also be avoided
  1. Keep The Ideal Weight For Your Height – Obesity is associated with an increased risk of Asthma and other respiratory problems, including sleep apnea. Although exercise can sometimes cause some symptoms in people who already have Asthma, staying active is very beneficial in improving immune function, avoiding obesity and decreasing inflammation.
  1. Avoid Conditions That Unleash Crises – Very drastic temperature changes, humidity, high temperatures or extreme cold can make Asthma symptoms worse.

Also Read: 14 most effective ways to prevent Asthma

Conclusion

Asthma is a condition that affects breathing caused by narrow airways, swollen or inflamed respiratory system and abnormal reactions of the immune system. For those looking to improve symptoms it is important to spend more time outdoors, avoid exposure to pollution and eliminate food allergies by investing in a real diet.

When suffering from Asthmatic crises it is necessary for the person to look for medications or other treatments that may decrease the symptoms, because in cases of complications it is dangerous for the lung to suffer permanent changes, have a reduced ability to exercise, persistent cough and in cases that are characterize how serious these complications can lead the patient to death.

In cases of seizures, it may be critical to get medications that are prescribed by doctors (which can also be continuous and preventive) to reduce airway inflammation. Another option for treatment may be the use of bronchodilators, which usually relieve symptoms suddenly, but in fact are not able to cure the disease so it should maintain care.

Remember, all medications need to be prescribed by doctors, and so it may be necessary to have a reliable doctor to accompany you and make continuous tests to avoid complications. Thus, with constant care, it is possible to prevent symptoms and crises from being perceived again.

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